Geoscientists and engineers are very comfortable using seismic data sets acquired with geophones, hydrophones, and accelerometers because we have a long, well-defined set of standards for acquiring, processing, and interpreting them. However, distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) seismic measurements are rapidly augmenting, and in some cases replacing, the data from these conventional tools. Technologists are frequently unaccustomed to using DAS seismic data sets since it directly acquires relative strain or strain rate measurements and not the more familiar pressure, displacement, velocity, and acceleration data. There are also acquisition parameter selections that must be made to optimize the acquired data to accomplish the purpose of the seismic survey. This course is designed to build an intuition and understanding of the value, limitations, and applications of DAS seismic technology. In addition to the lecture and accompanying book, software will be provided, which will allow the student to interactively explore DAS seismic technology.
This course will cover
- What are many of the applications for DAS technology?
- How do conventional and DAS seismic measurement systems compare?
- How can we convert between DAS and geophone measurements?
- What is the physics behind DAS measurements and the composition of optical fiber? Do different types of fiber optic cables offer advantages?
- How is a DAS acquisition system architected? How does the fiber optic cable deployment method affect the DAS measurements?
- What is the gauge length and how does it affect the acquired data? How does the pulse width interact with the gauge length to improve data quality?
- What is the angular response of the fiber optic cable to incoming seismic signals? How does the angular response of the fiber affect VSP, surface seismic, and microseismic measurements?
- What are the sources of DAS noise and how are they mitigated? Can we remove the effects of poor fiber optic cable coupling from the seismic data?
- How can we plan and prepare for a DAS seismic survey? What are the key decisions that need to be made and can we model them?
- What are the field deployment issues that we should address? How is handling fiber optic cables different from standard electrical cables? Can the health of the deployed fiber be determined before the survey begins? How is the depth (or distance along the fiber) of each channel of seismic data determined?
The goal of this course is to create a basic intuition for the value of DAS seismic measurements as well as the acquisition and processing decisions that affect its quality. The ever-present trade-offs will be discussed between resolution and signal to noise ratio. The limitation of one component measurements will be countered by the advantage of spatially dense sampling. After taking this course, it will be easier for the technologist to decide whether to acquire seismic data using DAS, as well as how to choose optimum acquisition and processing parameters.
Who should attend
All those interested in obtaining, processing, and/or using seismic data acquired using DAS measurements should attend. Managers will get an overview of DAS technology. Geophysicists who are involved in deciding how to acquire the next seismic survey will gain understanding in the possible options for using DAS. Processing geophysicists will gain insight into the advantages and artifacts of DAS seismic data. Interpreters will gain an understanding of the potential advantages of strain data as well as what artifacts may be in the data. Reservoir engineers will obtain an understanding of the way fiber optic cables are deployed and what information they allow us to collect. This course does not require advanced mathematical knowledge. The objective is to provide an intuitive understanding of the physics and trade-offs made for acquiring and processing DAS seismic data. It is expected that the students will have some basic understanding of seismic technology. The software workbench provided will allow students to interactively explore simulated seismic data by changing the acquisition and processing parameters.
Course attendees receive the book as part of the registration fee. If you are unable to attend the DISC course, but interested in the book, it can be purchased in print or as an ebook.
Mark E. Willis is the Chief Scientific Advisor of Borehole Seismics at Halliburton. He is responsible for mentoring technologists, developing and promoting geophysical innovations, and fostering long term client relationships. Previous to joining Halliburton in 2011, he worked in various research technology, supervisory and management positions at Mobil Oil, Cambridge GeoSciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Earth Resources Laboratory, and ConocoPhillips.
In his career he has performed research and development in distributed acoustic sensing, VSP technology, deep sonic log imaging, fracture identification using seismic data (time lapse VSP, microseismics, and surface seismic scattering), interferometric imaging, Kirchhoff and reverse time depth migration, full waveform inversion, machine learning, velocity model building, and sonic waveform processing.
Willis holds a B.S. in Applied Math and Physics from the University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee and a Ph.D. in Geophysics from MIT. He has written over 100 papers, publications, and presentations, and holds multiple patents. He is a member of the SEG, EAGE, SSA, SPWLA, and ASA
If you are interested in hosting our 2022-2023 DISC, please contact us.
Check back soon for more tour dates.